Wednesday, December 30, 2009

Lesson 10!

こんばんは

今日 Potential Verbs を習った!

Group ① = Move everything to the "え" line
e.g.
書きます → 書けます = Can write
読みます → 読めます = Can read
聞きます → 聞けます = Can hear [transitive verb]

Group ② = Add "られ"
e.g.
見ます → 見られます = Can see [transitive verb]
食べます → 食べられます = Can eat/Edible
起きます → 起きられます = Can wake up

Group ③ = Just memorise, only got 2
e.g.
来ます → こられます = Can come
します → できます = Done/Completed/etc..

All of the above verbs are to be used with "が" not "を".

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見えます/聞こえます = Can be seen/Can be heard

They are Intransitive verbs [you can see or hear the whatever without putting in effort] Unlike the Transitive verb you saw above.

It can only be explained in this example sentence:

You can see Mt.Fuji near if you go to Hakone but you can also see it from the windows of the bullet train.

箱根へ行ったら富士山が近くに見られますが、新幹線の窓から富士山も見えます。

Understand? If you want to make the effort to go and see Mt.Fuji up close, use "見られる", if you just pass by it without meaning to see it while taking the Shinkansen on your way to another station, then use "見える".

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しか…ありません = Only
だけ…あります = Only

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tired.. will edit this tomorrow XD
① 

② 

③ 

④ 

⑤ 

⑥ 

⑦ 

⑧ 



おやすみなさい~!

Let's Play Hangman!