Tuesday, March 9, 2010

Lesson 01 and 02!!


This week's lesson was the revision of last week's lesson which I didn't write about~

We learn about the other 2 "IF"s: Ba and Nara~

Group ① = 行く = 行けば
Group ② = 食べる = 食べれば
Group ③ = する and 来[く]る = すれば and 来[く]れば
i-adj [including ない and たい] = 易しい = 易しければ
na-adj and nouns = 綺麗 and ペン = 綺麗なら and ペンなら

There are 4 "IF"s: To, Tara, Ba and Nara

① と = Use when the consequence is natural and/or predictable.
e.g. 春になると花が咲きます。
When it becomes spring, flowers will bloom.

② たら = Use when it's your own request and/or intention. Or use when there's a consequence after the action is completed.
e.g. きむらさんに会えれば『おめでとうございます』と言いたいです。
If I can meet Mr Kimura, I want to say congratulations to him.
e.g. 駅に着いたら電話をかけてください。
When you reach the station, please call me.

③ ば = Use when the consequence is a universal known truth and/or reoccurring
e.g. 春が来れば花が咲きます。
If spring comes, flowers will bloom.

④ なら = Use when there's consequence of the action. Or use when you want to emphasise the particle "は".
e.g. みんな行くなら私も行きます。
If everybody is going, I will go too.
e.g. 明日ならうちにいます。
I will be at home tomorrow. [But maybe other days, I won't be at home]

The difference between "そうすれば" and "それなら"

To use そうすれば, you must have an action then a consequence. Like in the following example conversation.

A: 田中さんの電話番号は何番ですか。
B: 受付さんに聞いてください。そうすれば電話番号を知ります。

A: What is Mr Tanaka's telephone number?
B: Please ask the receptionist. If you do so, you will know the telephone number.

To use それなら, it's easier as it is general.

A: これはこう使うことがわかります。
B: それなら、そうしてください。

A: I know that this is being used this way.
B: If so, please do it.

"The more .., the better."

Just change the adjective/verb to the "ba" or "nara" form then add the plain form behind it plus a "hodo" and then end it with "ii desu" or something else and you're done. ^_^

e.g. 試験が易しければ 易しいほどいいです。
The easier the test is, the better.

e.g. 勉強すれば するほど日本語が上手になります。
The more you study, the better your Japanese will become. [In this case, because "study" is a noun-verb, you don't need to repeat "benkyou" a second time, just "suru" will do]

I hope my explanations are good and easy to understand, but here's a website that may explain more in details~ Click: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/conditional.html